Savitri Era Basics

Archive for September 2007

Sri Aurobindo and the Mother: Biographical materials 1893 15 years
  •  A trip at Italy with Mathilde, her mother. During visit at Palazzo Ducale in Venice she had relived a scene from a past life wherein she was strangled and thrown out into the canal. Also the Mother told on her other births. She named her incarnations – queen Hatshepsut and queen Tiy.
              Hatshepsut, queen of Egypt (reigned in her own right c. 1472-58 BC) who attained unprecedented power for a queen, adopting the full titles and regalia of a pharaoh. Hatshepsut, the daughter of King Thutmose I and Queen Ahmose, was married to her half brother, Thutmose II. Since her two brothers, who normally would have succeeded to the throne, died prematurely, she and Thutmose II came to the throne after King Thutmose died in about 1512. Her husband probably reigned no more than three or four years, and Hatshepsut thereupon became regent for his son, Thutmose III, born of a minor woman of the harem. Heiress to a line of influential queens, Hatshepsut then took effective control of the government, while young Thutmose III served as a priest of the god Amon. For a short time Hatshepsut presented herself as the young king’s regent, but sometime in Thutmose III’s first seven years she ordered herself crowned as pharaoh and adopted a Horus name (a royal name limited to kings) and the full pharaonic regalia, including a false beard, also traditionally worn only by the king. An essential element of Hatshepsut’s success was a group of loyal and influential officials who controlled all the key positions in her government. Emphasizing administrative innovation and commercial expansion, Queen Hatshepsut dispatched a major seaborne expedition to Punt, the African coast at the southernmost end of the Red Sea. Gold, ebony, animal skins, baboons, processed myrrh, and living myrrh trees were brought back to Egypt, the trees to adorn the foreground of the Queen’s famous Dayr al-Bahri temple in western Thebes. She also received large quantities of tribute from Asia, Nubia, and Libya. The numerous products of trade and tribute were partially devoted to the state god Amon-Re, in whose honour Hatshepsut undertook an extensive building program. She claimed that she restored the damage wrought by the Hyksos (earlier Asian kings) during their rule in Egypt. In the temple at Karnak (Thebes), she renovated her father’s hall, introduced four great obelisks nearly 100 feet (30 m) tall, and added a fine chapel. At Beni-Hasan, in Middle Egypt, she built a rock-cut temple known in Greek as Speos Artemidos. Her supreme achievement was the splendid temple at Dayr al-Bahri. Designed as a funerary monument for Hatshepsut and her father, it contains reliefs that record the major events of her reign. She also cut a large tomb for herself in the Valley of the Kings, another strictly pharaonic prerogative. Its burial chamber was intended to lie behind her funerary temple, and she also planned to move her father’s mummy into her own tomb. Her attention to Thutmose I was intended to emphasize her legitimate succession directly from him through the agency of Amon-Re, whom she claimed as her actual father. Hatshepsut’s ambition, however, encountered that of the energetic Thutmose III, who had become head of the army. As she and her loyal officials aged, his party grew stronger. The early death of her daughter, whom she married to Thutmose III, may have contributed to her decline. Whether Hatshepsut died naturally or was deposed and slain is uncertain.
              Queen Tiy (b. c. 1400 BC, Ipu, Egypt–d. c. 1340), the mother of pharaon Akhenaton, also called Neferkheperure Amenhotep IV, pharaon of Egypt (c. 1350-1334 BC) and husband of Nefertiti, whose beauty is known through contemporary portrait busts. Akhenaton was the last important ruler of the 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom and notable for adopting, and eventually virtually identifying himself with, Aton, or Aten, the sun god or solar disc, whom he believed to be a universal, omnipresent spirit and the sole creator of the universe. Tiy was one of the most illustrious queens of Egypt. She was the daughter of Yuya, the commander of the Egyptian chariotry and overseer of the cattle of the local god Min; her mother, Thuya, was also an Egyptian. Although she was not of royal blood, Tiy became the favoured wife of Amenhotep III (reigned 1390-53 BC), a powerful king of the 18th dynasty, who gave her considerable prominence in state affairs and in public ceremonies; her name appeared with the king’s on official documents. She was the mother of Amenhotep IV, or Akhenaton, and was one of his circle of advisers after his accession. Her mummy, which is kept in the Egyptian Museum at Cairo, was identified in 1976.

Tusar N. Mohapatra

Director, Savitri Era Learning Forum
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SELF posits a model of counselling and communicative action as an instrument in order to stimulate the public sphere. The model aims at supplementing the individual’s struggle for a successful social adjustment with more aspirational inputs so as to help one take an informed and balanced attitude towards life as well as society.
Savitri Era of those who adore,
Om Sri Aurobindo & The Mother.

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